Tag: Programming

Lean Code and JavaScript

As I’ve said many times before, “There’s always a better way and more than one solution!”  The sentiments of this statement are echoed by the many ways a solution can be programmed using any of the many available languages including JavaScript.

Although I’ve been working with JavaScript for a number of years, I continue to discover interesting nuances in the language.  The learning never stops and is an inherent part of the intrigue that is programming.

While many solutions exist, some techniques and methods of programming are preferred over others.  Once you’ve mastered the basics of JavaScript, the programming challenges you are prepared to accept will inevitably become more complex.

Learning to address various coding problems is directly dependent on the knowledge and tools with which you are already familiar.  Be reminded however that just because they work doesn’t mean they are as effective or as efficient as they could be.

On this premise, I consider programming as a learning continuum.  Books and videos tend to serve as my primary sources of learning and reference.  In the case of JavaScript, one such book is:

Effective JavaScript presents detailed examples of what NOT to do and why followed by effective solutions to resolve the concerns identified.  The examples are succinct and clearly demonstrate complex ideologies in a simple, straightforward manner.  I have learned more from this book than most could begin to offer.

Learning how to code is only one aspect of programming.  Understanding how your code (or the language) works and why is another.  Effective JavaScript does both with a greater emphasis on the latter.  You will save yourself many hours of debugging your code when you have a clear understanding of what JavaScript can do when used correctly.

Of course, there is always Google, however, the information is typically solution oriented without the full benefit of scope or context.  As I’ve said before, “Be careful who teaches you.”  Unless you understand the code you are using, resorting to a “searched” solution may be cause for more trouble than it’s worth.

Until Next Time – STAY lean!

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Lean Code – Web Graphics

Graphics and Animation

MultipleMachines

Over the past few weeks, I’ve been working on an application to simulate multiple production processes working in tandem and decided to re-introduce myself to the world of animation.  In its present state, the application is working quite well using just the core HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript web languages.

The HTML5 canvas makes it easy to render graphics where CSS3 and JavaScript are used to manage and manipulate various animation effects.  Aside from the canvas element, OpenGL, WebGL / WebGL 2.0, SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) and SMIL (Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language) or VML (Vector Markup Language) are also options to render graphics to your web page.

While HTML canvas is relatively easy to understand, working with SVG can be a little more complicated.  Fortunately, a number of packages exist that can be used to create our shapes and several JavaScript libraries are available to work with the generated SVG files.

Creating Vector Graphics

Adobe Illustrator is a great product but also demands a monthly subscription fee which, unless you’re a professional web developer, isn’t something too many of us want to add to our monthly budget.

An SVG Editor (by henoc) is available for Microsoft’s Visual Studio Code that can simplify the task of working with SVG.  You may also wish to consider using:

  • Vectr, a free cross-platform vector graphics editor, that allows you to create scalable vector graphics in 2D.   You can use the online version or download a copy of the application for your operating system (Windows, Mac, Linux, or Chromebook).
  • Inkscape a professional vector graphics editor for Windows, Mac OSx and Linux.  Free and open source.
  • Gravit Designer is a very capable and powerful design tool.  You can use the online version or download a copy of the application for your platform (Mac OSx, Windows, Linux, and Chrome OS).
  • There are also a number of online SVG editors – easily found with a simple Google search –  where you can create simple 2D SVG files online and save them locally to your machine.
  • It is also worth noting that the WebStorm IDE by JetBrains, our IDE of choice for web-based applications, also provides a level of support for working with SVG files.

JavaScript Libraries for SVG

While we can manipulate and work with SVG data directly using CSS and native JavaScript, a number of libraries are available that provide significantly enhanced functionality and effects.  Some commonly used libraries for working with SVG data include:

JavaScript libraries will save you a tremendous amount of time and effort so you can focus on your application.  It is also possible to render 3D models using SVG with more highly capable JavaScript libraries.

Browser Support and Local Files

Browsers provide varying degrees of support for today’s web technologies and knowing what is or is not supported will determine whether your application will run as intended.  IE (Internet Explorer) is one browser that is typically lacking in support for capabilities such as CSS transforms on SVG elements.

Remember:  Browsers are NOT created equal.

FailedtoLoad-CrossOriginRequests

Some browsers like Chrome do not permit access to files or data on your local drive and you may receive an error similar to the one pictured above if you make the attempt.  Fortunately, I’m using the WebStorm IDE by JetBrains and have the option to run code either as a local file or using the built-in server.

Use a local server if you are using Chrome or another browser that does not provide access to data files that are local to your machine.

Responsive Websites

A responsive website is one of the more significant and noteworthy advantages of using SVG for your graphic elements.  Scaling your site to accommodate devices of all shapes and sizes is less of a challenge with SVG.   Images retain their original quality regardless of scale, can be created or edited with any text editor, and can be manipulated or enhanced using CSS and JavaScript.  These reasons alone make learning SVG that much more rewarding for you and your visitors.

The options for animating your website are many and limited only by your imagination.  As I’ve said many times before, “There’s always a better way and more one solution.”  Working with SVG’s and the number of API’s available to animate them proves this statement to be true yet again.

Until Next Time – STAY lean!

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Lean Code and API’s

API Resources

GeocodeResponse-OVER_QUERY_LIMIT

Using an Application Program Interface or API is not a new concept, is relatively simple, and easy to do.  However, developing applications using resources outside of your local controlled environment can present new challenges and opportunities.

In this instance, I was testing one of Google’s API resources and received an “OVER_QUERY_LIMIT” error message.  Although it’s not too often that this happens, apparently it can on occasion.

You have exceeded your daily request for this API.  We recommend registering for a key at the Google Developers Console:  https://console.developers.google.com/apis/credentials?project=

You typically need an API key before you can use an API such as the Google Maps Geocoding API.  For those of you thinking or wondering about security, you can place restrictions on the use of your API key.

Registering an API Key

APIs Credentials

If you already have a Google account, go to the “https://console.developers.google.com/apis/credentials?project=” link as shown in the error message above, sign in to your account and accept the terms and conditions.  You can then begin the process of creating your project and credentials.  Google will then generate an API key for your project to use in your application.

As of this writing, there are at least 184 API’s available where some of the more popular API’s include Google Drive API, Gmail API, Google Maps Android API, Google Cloud Translation API, and Google Maps Geocoding API.

Once you’ve enabled the API’s required for your project and set up your API Key, you can begin using and monitoring the services requested from your GoogleAPIs dashboard. The “Web Services > Geocoding API” page provides a simple example of getting and using the API Key in your application.

API’s can greatly simplify your application development and enables you to deploy features that would otherwise consume a lot of time and effort to implement.  The guides and documents in the API Library describe the scope of the API and provide sufficient information to begin using them to your advantage.

API Access Limits

Be aware that some API’s may have limits to the number of free “access requests” received and/or processed in a given day or over a given time period.  Users may encounter problems if requests from your site exceed this limit.  Increased access requests may be available if you are using a “fee-based” service or premium account.

For example, as of this writing, the Google Maps Geocoding API imposes the following Standard Usage Limits:  2,500 free requests per day and 50 requests per second.  A “pay-as-you-go” billing option or Premium Plan is also available with a maximum of 100,000 daily requests.

API Services

API services or resources may offer significant advantages for your application and are certainly worth an investment of your time to see what is available.  If your programming language, such as JavaScript or Python, provides a means of working with “http” requests, API’s are definitely worthy of your consideration.

API’s enable working with external resources both as a data source and for manipulating data.  The ability to programmatically work with data reduces the possibility of data entry errors and other human fallibilities.

Remember to use API key restrictions to control and prevent unauthorized access requests!  Making an attempt to use an API key from a site other than the one authorized in the restriction settings will return a “REQUEST_DENIED” status as pictured below:

API-Restricted-Access

Until Next Time – STAY lean!

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Brackets Update

Brackets-Corner-ScreenShotVersion 1.12 of Brackets was released on January 29, 2018 and is now available for download.  This release introduces some exciting new features including JavaScript Refactoring, intelligent rename in file/scope feature, try catch block wrapping, one click conversion of anonymous expression / function block to arrow expression, and getter/setter creation.  More information can also be found in the release notes.

As a lightweight editor, Brackets serves as the “Goldilocks” solution for my smaller JavaScript and web page development projects.  Web page development is greatly enhanced with the live preview feature.

Although JetBrains Web Storm is my IDE of choice for larger applications, Brackets is an ideal editor for those looking to start off with something simple and easy to use.  Numerous extensions are readily available, easy to install, and will greatly enhance your experience while using Brackets.

To take advantage of the latest and greatest features, it’s important to keep your applications up to date.  These updates may fix bugs that you’ve discovered (or have yet to discover) and may also introduce some features that can save you a lot of time and effort in your development process.

Until Next time – STAY lean!

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Lean Code and JavaScript IDE

BracketsJavascript is one of the more popular programming languages in use today and its use and capabilities are further enhanced by a variety of available frameworks, such as Node.js and AngularJS, and other libraries.

Although you can use almost any text editor to write Javascript, a language based Interactive Development Environment (IDE) or Code Editor can greatly improve your ability to write code more efficiently and effectively.  This is especially true where syntax and case sensitive languages – like Javascript – are concerned.

I use WebStorm by JetBrains for the majority of my web-based applications, however, a number of less capable cross-platform IDE’s and editors are also available for writing JavaScript, HTML, and CSS.  One such editor is Brackets created by Adobe Systems.

Review:  The 10 best JavaScript editors” by Martin Heller, Contributing Editor, InfoWorld (May 17, 2017) presents a number of JavaScript editors for consideration of which Brackets is among them.  I prefer to use cross-platform tools wherever possible and I use a variety of IDE’s and editors that are best suited for the project at hand.

Brackets is a light-weight open-source cross-platform editor equipped with sufficient functionality to efficiently write HTML, CSS, and JavaScript code.  A number of extensions are also available to further enhance your experience using Brackets.

Extensions are often written by third-party programmers or developers and should be installed with caution.  I highly recommend researching and reading reviews by others to ensure they are worthwhile and trustworthy.

If you are just learning JavaScript or writing a quick a script, consider the simplicity of using an editor like Brackets where you can focus on writing your code rather than get bogged down with learning all the details and nuances of a full-featured IDE.

If you’re wondering what kind of programs can be written using JavaScript, HTML, and CSS, you’ll have Brackets to serve as your source of inspiration as one of the many possibilities.  For more information, visit the Brackets web page.  As of this writing, Brackets 1.11 is available for download.

The excitement of learning a new language is often met with varying degrees of chaos and confusion when selecting the right tools to get started.  I recommend starting with something simple and less distracting that will allow you to focus on the task at hand.  Brackets is one such editor.

In time, you will learn which tools will best serve your needs and you can adjust your working and coding environment accordingly.  Feature filled IDE’s and Editors will do little to serve your needs if you have yet to learn or don’t know how to program.

Until Next Time – STAY lean!

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High-Performing Python

I was pleasantly surprised to see some very useful downloads when I opened the November 2017 issue of the Intel Developer Products Newsletter:

  • Intel Distribution for Python – Accelerate Python Performance – Powered by ANACONDA, and
  • Intel Performance Libraries – Download these free libraries today to create better, more reliable, and faster software applications.
    • Intel Data Analytics Acceleration Library (Intel DAAL)
    • Intel Math Kernel Library (Intel MKL)
    • Intel Integrated Performance Primitives (Intel IPP)
    • Intel Threading Building Block (Intel TBB)
    • Intel MPI Library (Windows Package)

Rather than write about these free offerings from Intel, click on the links above to see and choose the tools that will serve you best.  The files are relatively large and you may want to reserve your time for when and how you download them to your machine.  Versions are available for Windows, MacOS, and Linux.

Anaconda is my Python installation of choice if not simply for the ease of maintaining the many Python packages that are available.  That the Intel distribution for Python is powered by Anaconda is not surprising.

Although I’ve expressed my fair share of caution when using code libraries written by others, I have no concerns with Intel as the documentation is more than thorough.  If you’re truly interested in a comprehensive Python installation, consider this package offering from Intel.

Until Next Time, stay LEAN!

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GUI’s, wxPack, and wxWidgets

The official wxPython logo
The official wxPython logo (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

wxWidgets and GUI’s

In our post “Where’s the Graphics? Learning from our Roots (Tcl / Tk)” we focused on Tcl/Tk as a primary GUI development language.  We also mentioned QT as a viable alternative.  QT provides a more powerful GUI development API when compared to Tcl/Tk, however, the licensing schema for QT is also more complex.

To paraphrase the description from the wxWidgets website, wxWidgets is a C++ library that includes bindings for C++, Python and other languages to create cross-platform applications for Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, and more.

wxWidgets is available free of charge and offers a comprehensive collection of widgets that make it ideally suited for advanced GUI intensive applications. By using the native platform API, wxWidgets provides a native look and feel to your applications.

The latest version of wxWidgets is 3.0.2 as announced in the latest news release dated October 6, 2014.

wxPack

Thanks to wxPack, we’ve expanded our list of cross-platform GUI’s to include wxWidgets.  wxPack greatly simplifies the task of installing and setting up wxWidgets on your machine.  wxPack is a full wxWidgets Development Kit, complete with wxWidgets source and binaries, wxFormBuilder (RAD Tool), and more.  Without wxPack, installing wxWidgets is a task best left to more seasoned developers.

wxFormBuilder

From a development perspective, wxFormBuilder is the tool that ultimately caught our attention.  More specifically, wxFormBuilder offers the following features that are ideally suited to our language base and development environments:

  • Visual design of wxWidgets dialogs, frames, panels, toolbars and menubars
  • Source code generation for C++, Python, PHP, Lua and XRC
  • Support for wxWidgets 3.0 widgets (wxRibbonBar, wxPropertyGrid, wxDataViewCtrl, …)
Python and Qt
Python and Qt (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Selecting Your GUI Tool Kit

The wealth of information available to learn and implement Qt suggests it is one of the better supported GUI tool kits in general. TKinter (Tcl/Tk) is also well supported due to it’s inclusion with the standard Python distribution.  Regardless of the tool kit chosen, the initial learning curve can be rather steep for more complex applications.  The number of widgets and options available with each package only add to the challenge of which package to choose.

Keeping it Lean

Too many options can make for more complicated interfaces than are necessary to meet the needs of the application and it’s end users.  For Python, TKinter provides a minimal widget set that serves the majority of our requirements.  That it’s already included with the standard Python distribution makes TKinter an even more convenient and attractive option.

There are times where a higher level of complexity and sophistication is necessary.  Of course, to learn every GUI kit available isn’t an option available to everyone.  The wealth of information and code samples available for QT make it a highly regarded option.

wxWidgets may just be the Goldilocks solution, falling somewhere between simplicity and sophistication where the tools available make it “just right” to get the job done.  A quick review of the wxWidgets Class List suggests there are more than enough features to develop a robust GUI for your application.

Ultimately, the right choice is the tool kit that is both effective and efficient for the given application.  Simplicity serves the purpose best especially during rapid development cycles and iterations.

Your feedback matters

If you have any comments, questions, or topics you would like us to address, please feel free to leave your comment in the space below or email us at feedback@leanexecution.ca or feedback@versalytics.com.  We look forward to hearing from you and thank you for visiting.

Until Next Time – STAY lean

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ActiveState Tcl 8.6.2.0

Tkinter demo: many widgets
Tkinter demo: many widgets (Photo Leancredit: Wikipedia)

It’s hard to believe that one day after we published “Where’s the Graphics?” ActiveState released Tcl 8.6.2.0.  Though the link to the download page remains the same, we updated the context of our post to reflect the latest version number.

Visit the ActiveState Tcl 8.6 page for more detailed information.  ActiveState’s ActiveTcl Community Edition is a free, ready-to-install distribution for Windows, Linux, and Max OSx.

Though other GUI options exist, Tcl/Tk is a proven technology that has persisted for more than 25 years.  The latest release offers features that continue to keep Tcl/Tk relevant and at the top of our GUI toolkit.

In addition to the numerous resources listed in our “Where’s the Graphics” post, a wealth of information can also be found at wiki.tcl.tk.

Your feedback matters

If you have any comments, questions, or topics you would like us to address, please feel free to leave your comment in the space below or email us at feedback@leanexecution.ca or feedback@versalytics.com.  We look forward to hearing from you and thank you for visiting.

Until Next Time – STAY lean

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Where’s the Graphics? Learning from our Roots (Tcl / Tk)

Tkinter demo: many widgets
Tkinter demo: many widgets (Photo Leancredit: Wikipedia)

One of our “side bar” challenges is developing software solutions (applications) for our clients.  Simple or complex, they all have one element in common, a Graphical User Interface or GUI.

Imagine the surprise and disappointment on the faces of many beginning programmers and developers when they discover that powerful languages like Assembler, C, C++, and even Python start by teaching you how to write software from the command prompt!

We’ve been there too!  When we decided to learn Python – a powerful, high-level, dynamic interpreted scripting language that is quickly becoming the language of choice for new developers – we were just as surprised to be writing and running programs from the command line (C:\).  Even Python’s Interactive Development Environment (IDLE) uses a “prompt” driven interface.

Basic Fundamentals

Our journey with Python originated with our interest in learning C++.  When we discovered that Python is written in C++, we were curious to see how C++ could be used to create an even more powerful dynamic language.

Learning a language and creating a GUI are related but they are not necessarily the same.  Developing an application requires a solid understanding of the core language itself including its capabilities and constraints.  A GUI “simply” serves as a means of interacting with the core application without concern for how the program actually functions or performs internally.

By way of analogy, driving a car does not require us to understand the intricate functions of the engine and powertrain.  As drivers, we use a key to turn the engine on or off, a gear selector, the accelerator and brake pedals, and the  instrument panel – all of which are the equivalent of a GUI in terms of function – to control and monitor the vehicle.  As developers, however, we are more concerned with ensuring that the engine and powertrain function as expected.  In other words, the GUI can wait but it should still be a consideration during the development process.

Where’s the Graphics?

The result
The result (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Is writing applications with a nice, clean, graphical interface a mystery that only professional programmers can master?  This answer may surprise you.  Anyone can create a GUI and there is yet another language for doing just that:  Tcl/Tkinter. Tcl is a general purpose scripting language developed by John Ousterhout in 1988 and was designed to enable communication between applications.   Tkinter is a cross platform toolkit that provides a variety of widgets for building GUI’s in many languages.

Most introductory books on Python are concerned with teaching the core fundamentals of the Python language itself, though some may provide a brief introduction to Tkinter.  It is significant that Tkinter is included as part of the Python distributions that are freely available for download from the Python.org website.  Including Tkinter in the Python distribution enables the development of simple to complex GUI’s for your application.

Back to the Beginning

Although other packages such as wxWidgets and PyQt are available, that Tkinter is included in the standard Python distribution makes it much easier to integrate and explore.

To fully understand the Tcl/Tk programming language, we decided to search for more information.  We discovered an excellent Tcl/Tk Tutorial at TutorialsPoint.com where we are served with a wealth of information for both Tcl and Tk.  This is certainly enough to whet your appetite for more.

The TutorialsPoint Tcl/Tk  Tutorial describes several features of Tcl and this is one that caught our attention:

 “You can easily extend existing applications with Tcl. Also, it is possible to include Tcl in C, C++ or Java to Tcl or vice versa.”

What seems like an overly extended tangent from our original pursuit of C++ has become a worthwhile journey.  One of our greatest frustrations while learning C (and C++) was the lack of information for developing a graphical interface for our applications.  It looks like we may have discovered something that will help us along the way for a variety of languages.

Tcl/Tkinter Resources:

If you are using an Apple computer, Tk and Python are already installed on your system as part of the OSx.  The versions installed depend on the version of OSx you are running on your computer.

We recommend visiting SourceForge.net and searching for the term “Tcl/Tk”, without the quotes, using the site’s search box.  You will be presented with the latest version of Tcl (8.6.2) and variety of other related tools including several Tcl extension packages and IDE’s.

To get the latest copy of ActiveState‘s version (8.6.2.0) of Tcl/Tk for your system (Windows, Linux, Mac OSx) visit the ActiveState.com download page.  The community version is free and will be more than sufficient to get you started.  Click here to see some interesting code snippets or “recipes” on the ActiveState site that demonstrate some of the key features of Tcl/Tk.

We already suggested that TutorialsPoint offers an excellent introduction to Tcl/Tk Programming, however, we have also discovered several books that are worth mentioning to get you started:

Python and Tkinter GUI:

Python and Other GUI’s:

C++ and Qt:

English: Screenshot Qt Designer Русский: Скрин...
English: Screenshot Qt Designer Русский: Скриншот Qt Designer (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

While some are comfortable to accept the tools at face value, we found it helpful to delve into the core of Tkinter and Tcl to fully appreciate and understand the underlying language and tools that are available to us.

Finally

As Operating Systems continue to compete for market share, it is good to know that we have cross platform GUI options that will allow us to write applications that will work on all of them.  To this end, we’re less concerned about “who wins” and more concerned about writing efficient and effective applications for our clients.

Your feedback matters

If you have any comments, questions, or topics you would like us to address, please feel free to leave your comment in the space below or email us at feedback@leanexecution.ca or feedback@versalytics.com.  We look forward to hearing from you and thank you for visiting.

Until Next Time – STAY lean

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On Target Tangents

Time Tangents

Our world is full of distractions and we often find ourselves on a path that seems so distant from our original plan. We wonder where the time went and ask ourselves …

“How Did We Get There From Here?”

Are tangents disruptive impulses that take our eyes off of the goal, causing us to lose focus, and drain away our valuable time? Or, do we embrace them as an extension of “how we think” and seize the opportunity to expand the scope of our original thought processes.  Our desire to learn fuels our passion to …

Explore New Options

Some time ago we expressed our interest in learning the C++ programming language.  C++ is an amazing language and we have gained a real appreciation for object oriented programming.  While learning C++, we discovered that another very powerful language, Python, was written in C++.

Naturally, we decided to check out Python to see the power of C++ in action.  To our surprise, we learned that Python is readily available at no charge from https://python.org, is very powerful, and is an extremely versatile Object Oriented Programming language.  Python is also relatively easy to learn and is now our language of choice for rapid prototyping and development of complex solutions.

Today we discovered yet another language:  “Go”.  Coincidentally, we stumbled upon a post at TechCrunch.com titled, “Google’s Go:  A New Programming Language That’s Python Meets C++”.  We downloaded “Go” from GoLang.org to explore what this language brings to the table.

We’re committed to continue learning C++, however, we would be remiss if we decided to simply stick to the straight and narrow path of one language alone.  Where speed of execution is a factor, C++ prevails.  Where speed of execution, small size, and a “close to the metal” solution is required, Assembler takes precedent. However, where speed is less of a concern, a solution in Python is heavily favoured.  As we’ve stated many times before:

“There’s always a better way and more than one solution.” ~ Redge

When Opportunity Knocks … Answer

It would be easy to ignore the distractions that seem to stall our progress and keep us from reaching our destination, however, sometimes the journey is best enjoyed when we stop and take in the sights along the way.  In this case, the ride has been an eye opening experience.

Although we started our learning process with Python 2.7.6, we’re currently using Python 3.4.1.  Python is available and runs across the three platforms that concern us most:  Windows, OSX, and LINUX.  Soon after, we also downloaded Anaconda Python from Continuum Analytics.  The reasons for downloading Anaconda Python will become clear once you’ve had a chance to delve into the world of Python and all it has to offer.

Though we may have strayed from our C++ learning process for a short while, the Python experience has been and continues to be a tremendous journey.  Python has presented a realm of significant possibilities in Object Oriented Programming that would otherwise have remained a mystery.

Learning Python

A simple Google search for “Python Programming” will yield a host of web sites that offer tutorials, books, and so much more.  We started with a few simple books and added a few more that we purchased from our local book store to gain a sense of what Python had to offer:

The number of books available on the store shelves pales in comparison to the offerings available on Amazon.  We have since purchased a number of e-books that are easily and readily accessible using Kindle across multiple devices including my iPad and Surface Pro.  If you haven’t had a chance to work with Kindle, we highly recommend it.  It is an excellent app that makes reading e-books a breeze.

Unlocking Potential

Certainly this recent tangent has opened more doors than we could ever have imagined and we’re grateful for the experience.  While this may seem to have little to do with Lean or OEE, we would suggest otherwise.  Each program or script is comprised of multiple processes or series of processes and the environments in which they run are as diverse as the machines we find in manufacturing operations.  From our perspective, programming serves as an excellent surrogate to demonstrate lean practices and the effectiveness of our operations.

Just when you think you have all the answers, consider that one of them may hold more questions than you ever imagined.

Your feedback matters

If you have any comments, questions, or topics you would like us to address, please feel free to leave your comment in the space below or email us at feedback@leanexecution.ca or feedback@versalytics.com.  We look forward to hearing from you and thank you for visiting.

Until Next Time – STAY lean

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